Front End Development vs. Back End Development

The development of front-end and back-end are both essential elements of software development. The two components work together to make websites and web applications more functional.

Developing websites requires front-end and interrelated back-end components, but they require different development methods.

In today’s post, we will explore both types of development in more detail, highlighting the skills you need to excel in both, as well as the tools, languages, and potential job opportunities for each.

What is front-end development?

A website or web application’s front-end development deals with the client-side features. As a web developer, I design and optimize user interfaces, work on important visual aspects of web pages, and troubleshoot website problems. The use of front-end languages and front-end code allows developers to build effective and complex web designs. It is important to become familiar with certain languages, tools, and frameworks to become a successful front-end developer.

Front-end languages, frameworks, and Libraries

Everyone can learn to code, but to become a web developer, you must be able to write active code in at least a few programming languages. HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are the three “big three” that front-end specialists need to understand. Front-end development is built on these programming languages, which are among the easiest to learn. Here are some other front-end languages you may find useful:

  • HTML5
  • Angular
  • Swift
  • Elm

Web developers often use frameworks to reduce busy work. Developers write domain-specific code into frameworks, which provide skeletons of prewritten code. These frameworks are often powered by JavaScript and reduce overhead in building websites on the client-side. A few popular frameworks include:

  • AngularJS
  • Backbone
  • Bootstrap
  • React.js

Developers use libraries when there is a need for more freedom. The libraries hold bundles of prewritten code that can be plugged in to developers’ code. Front-end specialists use the following libraries:

  • jQuery
  • LESS
  • Lodash

Examples of Front-end Roles

Roles within the front-end web development field are primarily concerned with aesthetics and organizational issues. By choosing to specialize in front-end development, you will not only have the opportunity to work in an area that is in demand but also be able to expand your skills into areas such as digital design and UX/UI design.

Also, these two positions, front-end specialists often hold the following titles:

  • Front-end web developer
  • Front-end web designer
  • Front-end SEO specialist
  • UX designer
  • UI developer

Getting Started in front-end Development

You should become proficient in HTML, CSS, and JavaScript if you want to become a front-end developer. Later, you can begin working with frameworks such as Backbone and Bootstrap. Learn by trial and error by hosting a site on your local server.

You can learn the basics of coding through online and in-person tools, such as coding apps and massive open online courses. The opportunity to learn coding from boot camps allows you to construct a portfolio and gain experience quickly. They can also help you specialize in mobile app development and user experience design.

What is back-end development?

It is a backend developer who manages the part of the website that is not visible to customers. This is what adds functionality to the website. A website’s backend is also called “server-side.” For example, imagine you operate a social media website. A database that is accessible is the only way to guarantee you can access your users’ data. The storage center for this information is called a database, and SQL Server, Oracle, and MySQL are some of the most widely used databases.

Databases are run from a server, which is a computer that is remotely located. A back-end developer will manage this database and the contents of the site. Users can browse uploaded content and user profiles with full functionality because of maintaining the front-end of the social media website.

Back-end Languages, Frameworks, and Databases

Web development for the back end uses a somewhat different set of technologies and tools from web development for the front-end. The server-end of web development is often based on JavaScript, but HTML and CSS are missing. Commonly used back-end programming languages include:

  • Python
  • PHP
  • Ruby
  • JavaScript
  • Java

The back-end developers of websites frequently use frameworks to automate some of the back-end tasks necessary to maintain fast and secure sites. Among the most popular frameworks are:

  • Django
  • PHP
  • Flask
  • Ruby on Rails

Many common website functions, such as infinite scrolling, would be impossible without these frameworks.

Back-end development involves the use of libraries for greater flexibility. For example, some Python libraries that are commonly used by backend specialists include:

  • FastApi
  • Pillow
  • TensorFlow

The automation of many basic backend coding tasks can be accomplished by utilizing prewritten, reusable code from libraries.

Examples of Back-end Roles

The more technical aspects of web development tend to be the focus of back-end web development careers. You can specialize in topics like databases, machine learning, and artificial intelligence at the back end of your career.

Back-end web developers often have the following job titles:

  • Back-end web developer
  • Java developer
  • Full-stack web developer
  • Software engineer

Getting Started in Back-end development

Getting started in back-end development can appear intimidating initially because it is more technical. It is important to remember that you will not learn everything in one day! The first step is to decide on a programming language and a framework to work with. Getting some experience with the Python-based Django framework can be a good start if you choose to learn Python.

Stack Overflow, coding apps, and coding boot camps are all means of learning some programming and database basics. You can gain practical experience and a deep understanding of these fields by attending boot camps for data science and coding.

Front end vs. back end: what’s the difference?

Still, wondering about the difference between the front and back ends? Now that you have a better idea of both ends, let us look at their differences. Front-end development differs from back-end development in three main ways.

1. Front and back end developers work on different sides of a website

Apps and websites with client-side applications focus on presenting visual elements that are used by users (the front end). In web development, the server-side of a website is focused on the part that users cannot see. Dynamic websites are built on it. Users can use this feature to make purchases, use contact forms, and take part in a variety of interactive activities while browsing a site.

2. Front and back end developers have different strengths

There are a variety of skills available to developers and there is no one side of the development process that is harder or more important than the other. A great website will be equally appealing to users if these factors are considered.

3. Front and back end developers work in different languages

A programming language is what you use when coding. These languages allow a computer and its programmer to communicate through symbols (called codes) just like a human language. In simpler words, the program is like an instruction manual. HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are some of the languages used for front-end development. Front-end development involves frameworks and libraries of its own. Backend developers’ program in languages such as PHP, C++, Java, Ruby, Python, JavaScript, and Node.js.

Salary comparison: Front-end vs. back-end development

Despite the high demand for both front-end and back-end developers, back-end developers are slightly more likely to earn a higher salary. The reason behind this may be that skills like back-end logic and database management are more technical and thus less common and less valued by employers.

Even though earning potential differs based on whether you specialize in front-end or back-end development, what you can earn depends on your special talents, abilities, and passion. You may be more interested in the development of one side than the other. Consider the factors that will bring you more fulfilment and satisfaction as a developer as well as your salary projections when selecting between the two.

Front end vs. back end? Why not both?

If you are curious about web development but are not sure whether to focus on front-end or back-end development, you should review the day-to-day tasks associated with each. If you are interested in working with visual designs, creating outstanding user experiences, and working with visual designs then the front end may be a good fit for you.

You might prefer to work as a backend developer if you enjoy working with data, figuring out algorithms, and finding ways to optimize complex systems. However, it is not always easy to distinguish between the front-end and back-end. These developers are known as full-stack developers, as they can code both on the front end and the backend.

Hopefully, now you are familiar with the difference between the frontend and backend of a website, and how they work together to create something functional and easy to use.


While the two are disparate, front-end, and back-end development work together to make websites and applications more accessible, functional, and efficient. In front-end programming, developers work with client-side components, whereas in back-end programming, developers work with server-side components. It is important that both types of programming play an important role in the world of software development.